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Journal Articles IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing Year : 2022

Unsupervised Speech Enhancement using Dynamical Variational Autoencoders

Abstract

Dynamical variational autoencoders (DVAEs) are a class of deep generative models with latent variables, dedicated to model time series of high-dimensional data. DVAEs can be considered as extensions of the variational autoencoder (VAE) that include temporal dependencies between successive observed and/or latent vectors. Previous work has shown the interest of using DVAEs over the VAE for speech spectrograms modeling. Independently, the VAE has been successfully applied to speech enhancement in noise, in an unsupervised noise-agnostic set-up that requires neither noise samples nor noisy speech samples at training time, but only requires clean speech signals. In this paper, we extend these works to DVAE-based single-channel unsupervised speech enhancement, hence exploiting both speech signals unsupervised representation learning and dynamics modeling. We propose an unsupervised speech enhancement algorithm that combines a DVAE speech prior pre-trained on clean speech signals with a noise model based on nonnegative matrix factorization, and we derive a variational expectation-maximization (VEM) algorithm to perform speech enhancement. The algorithm is presented with the most general DVAE formulation and is then applied with three specific DVAE models to illustrate the versatility of the framework. Experimental results show that the proposed DVAE-based approach outperforms its VAE-based counterpart, as well as several supervised and unsupervised noise-dependent baselines, especially when the noise type is unseen during training.
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Dates and versions

hal-03295630 , version 1 (16-12-2022)

Identifiers

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Xiaoyu Bie, Simon Leglaive, Xavier Alameda-Pineda, Laurent Girin. Unsupervised Speech Enhancement using Dynamical Variational Autoencoders. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing, 2022, 30, pp.2993 - 3007. ⟨10.1109/TASLP.2022.3207349⟩. ⟨hal-03295630⟩
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