Floating-point LLL Revisited - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2005

Floating-point LLL Revisited


The Lenstra-Lenstra-Lovasz lattice basis reduction algorithm (LLL or L^3) is a very popular tool in public-key cryptanalysis and in many other fields. Given an integer d-dimensional lattice basis with n-dimensional vectors of norm less than B, L^3 outputs a so-called L^3-reduced basis in polynomial time $O(d^5 n \log^3 B)$, using arithmetic operations on integers of bit-length $O(d \log B)$. This worst-case complexity is problematic for lattices arising in cryptanalysis where $d$ or/and $\log B$ are often large. As a result, the original L^3 is almost never used in practice. Instead, one applies floating-point variants of L^3, where the long-integer arithmetic required by Gram-Schmidt orthogonalisation (central in L^3) is replaced by floating-point arithmetic. Unfortunately, this is known to be unstable in the worst-case: the usual floating-point L^3 is not even guaranteed to terminate, and the output basis may not be L^3-reduced at all. In this article, we introduce the L^2 algorithm, a new and natural floating-point variant of L^3 which provably outputs L^3-reduced bases in polynomial time $O(d^4 n (d+\log B) \log B)$. This is the first L^3 algorithm whose running time (without fast integer arithmetic) provably grows only quadratically with respect to $\log B$, like the well-known Euclidean and Gaussian algorithms, which it generalizes.
No file

Dates and versions

inria-00000377 , version 1 (29-09-2005)


  • HAL Id : inria-00000377 , version 1


Phong Q. Nguyen, Damien Stehlé. Floating-point LLL Revisited. 24th Annual Eurocrypt Conference - Eurocrypt 2005, 2005, Aarhus/Danemark. ⟨inria-00000377⟩
315 View
0 Download


Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More