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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Complete Positivity Violation in Higher-order Quantum Adiabatic Elimination

Abstract

This paper discusses quantum adiabatic elimination, which is a model reduction technique for a composite Lindblad system consisting of a fast decaying sub-system coupled to another sub-system with a much slower timescale. Such a system features an invariant manifold that is close to the slow sub-system. This invariant manifold is reached subsequent to the decay of the fast degrees of freedom, after which the slow dynamics follow on it. By parametrizing invariant manifold, the slow dynamics can be simulated via a reduced model. To find the evolution of the reduced state, we perform the asymptotic expansion with respect to the timescale separation. So far, the second-order expansion has mostly been considered. It has then been revealed that the second-order expansion of the reduced dynamics is generally given by a Lindblad equation, which ensures complete positivity of the time evolution. In this paper, we present two examples where complete positivity of the reduced dynamics is violated with higher-order contributions. In the first example, the violation is detected for the evolution of the partial trace without truncation of the asymptotic expansion. The partial trace is not the only way to parametrize the slow dynamics. Concerning this non-uniqueness, it was conjectured in [R. Azouit, F. Chittaro, A. Sarlette, and P. Rouchon, Quantum Sci. Technol. 2, 044011 (2017)] that there exists a parameter choice ensuring complete positivity. With the second example, however, we refute this conjecture by showing that complete positivity cannot be restored in any choice of parametrization. We discuss these results in terms of unavoidable correlations, in the initial states on the invariant slow manifold, between the fast and the slow degrees of freedom.

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hal-04379080 , version 1 (08-01-2024)

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Masaaki Tokieda, Cyril Elouard, Alain Sarlette, Pierre Rouchon. Complete Positivity Violation in Higher-order Quantum Adiabatic Elimination. IFAC 2023 - 22nd World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control, Jul 2023, Yokohama, Japan. pp.1333-1338, ⟨10.1016/j.ifacol.2023.10.1779⟩. ⟨hal-04379080⟩
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