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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Exploring the Potential of Artificial Intelligence in Individualized Cognitive Training: a Systematic Review

Abstract

To tackle the challenge of responders heterogeneity, Cognitive Training (CT) research currently leverages AI Techniques for providing individualized curriculum rather than one-size-fits-all designs of curriculum. Our systematic review explored these new generations of adaptive methods in computerized CT and analyzed their outcomes in terms of learning mechanics (intra-training performance) and effectiveness (near, far and everyday life transfer effects of CT). A search up to June 2023 with multiple databases selected 19 computerized CT studies using AI techniques for individualized training. After outlining the AI-based individualization approach, this work analyzed CT setting (content, dose, etc), targeted population, intra-training performance tracking, and pre-post-CT effects. Half of selected studies employed a macro-adaptive approach mostly for multiple-cognitive domain training while the other half used a micro-adaptive approach with various techniques, especially for single-cognitive domain training. Two studies emphasized the favorable influence on CT effectiveness, while five underscored its capacity to enhance the training experience by boosting motivation, engagement, and offering diverse learning pathways. Methodological differences across studies and weaknesses in their design (no control group, small sample, etc.) were observed. Despite promising results in this new research avenue, more research is needed to fully understand and empirically support individualized techniques in cognitive training.
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hal-04363997 , version 1 (26-12-2023)

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Maxime Adolphe, Marion Pech, Masataka Sawayama, Denis Maurel, Alexandra Delmas, et al.. Exploring the Potential of Artificial Intelligence in Individualized Cognitive Training: a Systematic Review. 2023. ⟨hal-04363997⟩

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INRIA INRIA2 U1219
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