New insights into epidemiological data and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on IgA vasculitis in children and adults: a French nationwide cohort - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles Rheumatology International Year : 2023

New insights into epidemiological data and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on IgA vasculitis in children and adults: a French nationwide cohort

Abstract

IgA vasculitis (IgAV) is a small size vasculitis for which epidemiologic data are strikingly lacking, especially about the adult form. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic seems to have profoundly modified the incidence of this disease. Here, we aimed to establish some relevant epidemiological data in both pediatric and adult IgAV. We performed an observational study using a national database called "BNDMR" on IgAV, which gathers patients managed in the French network of experts on rare diseases. We primarily performed descriptive statistics over the 2010–2022 period. Then, we compared the North–South geographical areas, the seasonality, and the impact of COVID-19 with that of other patients reported in the same centers. We collected data from 1988 IgAV patients. The sex ratio was 1.57 for adults and 1.05 for children. The annual incidence in 2021 was 0.06 for 100,000 adults and 0.50 for 100,000 children. Compared with other diseases reported into the BNDMR, IgAV was more common in the South than in the North of France (OR 4.88 [4.17–5.74] in adults and OR 1.51 [1.35–1.68] in children). IgAV was also observed more frequently in winter and autumn. Strikingly, we observed a decrease in incidence during the COVID-19 pandemic period in children (OR 0.62 [0.47–0.81]). Our study provides both new insights and confirmations of IgAV epidemiological data: winter and autumn seasonality, more pronounced male predominance in adults, decreasing incidence of pediatric IgAV during the COVID-19 pandemic and increasing incidence in the South of France.
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hal-04362465 , version 1 (22-12-2023)

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Valentin Maisons, Yanis Ramdani, Antoine Hankard, Claude Messiaen, Anne-Sophie Jannot, et al.. New insights into epidemiological data and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on IgA vasculitis in children and adults: a French nationwide cohort. Rheumatology International, 2023, 43 (10), pp.1791-1798. ⟨10.1007/s00296-023-05387-2⟩. ⟨hal-04362465⟩
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