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Journal Articles IEEE Transactions on Computational Imaging Year : 2023

Deep Unfolding of the DBFB Algorithm With Application to ROI CT Imaging With Limited Angular Density

Abstract

This paper presents a new method for reconstructing regions of interest (ROI) from a limited number of computed tomography (CT) measurements. Classical model-based iterative reconstruction methods lead to images with predictable features. Still, they often suffer from tedious parameterization and slow convergence. On the contrary, deep learning methods are fast, and they can reach high reconstruction quality by leveraging information from large datasets, but they lack interpretability. At the crossroads of both methods, deep unfolding networks have been recently proposed. Their design includes the physics of the imaging system and the steps of an iterative optimization algorithm. Motivated by the success of these networks for various applications, we introduce an unfolding neural network called U-RDBFB designed for ROI CT reconstruction from limited data. Few-view truncated data are effectively handled thanks to a robust non-convex data fidelity term combined with a sparsityinducing regularization function. We unfold the Dual Block coordinate Forward-Backward (DBFB) algorithm, embedded in an iterative reweighted scheme, allowing the learning of key parameters in a supervised manner. Our experiments show an improvement over several state-of-the-art methods, including a model-based iterative scheme, a multi-scale deep learning architecture, and other deep unfolding methods.
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Dates and versions

hal-04210704 , version 1 (19-09-2023)

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M. Savanier, Emilie Chouzenoux, Jean-Christophe Pesquet, Cyril Riddell. Deep Unfolding of the DBFB Algorithm With Application to ROI CT Imaging With Limited Angular Density. IEEE Transactions on Computational Imaging, 2023, 9, pp.502-516. ⟨10.1109/TCI.2023.3279053⟩. ⟨hal-04210704⟩
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