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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Stability and decoherence rates of a GKP qubit protected by dissipation

Abstract

We analyze an experimentally accessible Lindblad master equation for a quantum harmonic oscillator. It approximately stabilizes finite-energy periodic grid states called Gottesman-Kitaev-Preskill (GKP) states, that can be used to encode and protect a logical qubit. We give explicit upper bounds for the energy of the solutions of the Lindblad master equation. Using three periodic observables to define the Bloch sphere coordinates of a logical qubit, we show that their dynamics is governed by a diffusion partial differential equation on a 2D-torus with a Witten Laplacian. We show that the evolution of these logical coordinates is exponentially slow even in presence of small diffusive noise processes along the two quadratures of the phase space. Numerical simulations indicate similar results for other physically relevant noise processes.

Dates and versions

hal-04071008 , version 1 (17-04-2023)

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Lev-Arcady Sellem, Rémi Robin, Philippe Campagne-Ibarcq, Pierre Rouchon. Stability and decoherence rates of a GKP qubit protected by dissipation. IFAC 2023 - 22nd World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control, Jul 2023, Yokohama, Japan. ⟨10.48550/arXiv.2304.03806⟩. ⟨hal-04071008⟩
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