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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Nonlinear Adaptive Observers for an SIS System Counting Primo-infections

Abstract

Observation and identification are important issues for the practical use of compartmental models of epidemic dynamics. Usually, the state and parameters of the epidemic model are evaluated based on the number of infected individuals (the prevalence) or the newly infected cases (the incidence). Other estimation techniques, for example, based on the exploitation of the proportion of primo-infected individuals (easily retrievable data), are rarely considered. We are thus interested in a general question: may the measure of the number of primo-infected individuals and the prevalence improve simultaneous state and parameter estimation? In this paper, we design a nonlinear adaptive observer for a simple infection model with waning immunity and consequent reinfections to answer this question. The practical asymptotic stability of the estimation errors is then proved using the Lyapunov function method. Finally, the convergence of the observer is illustrated in simulations.
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Dates and versions

hal-04063936 , version 1 (05-09-2023)
hal-04063936 , version 2 (20-09-2023)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-04063936 , version 2

Cite

Marcel Fang, Pierre-Alexandre Bliman, Denis Efimov, Rosane Ushirobira. Nonlinear Adaptive Observers for an SIS System Counting Primo-infections. 22nd World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control, Jul 2023, Yokohama, Japan. ⟨hal-04063936v2⟩
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