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Conference Papers Year : 2021

Longitudinal self-supervision to disentangle inter-patient variability from disease progression

Abstract

The problem of building disease progression models with longitudinal data has long been addressed with parametric mixed-effect models. They provide interpretable models at the cost of modeling assumptions on the progression profiles and their variability across subjects. Their deep learning counterparts, on the other hand, strive on flexible data-driven modeling, and additional interpretability-or, as far as generative models are involved, disentanglement of latent variables with respect to generative factors-comes from additional constraints. In this work, we propose a deep longitudinal model designed to disentangle inter-patient variability from an estimated disease progression timeline. We do not seek for an explicit mapping between age and disease stage, but to learn the latter solely from the ordering between visits using a differentiable ranking loss. Furthermore, we encourage inter-patient variability to be encoded in a separate latent space, where for each patient a single representation is learned from its set of visits, with a constraint of invariance under permutation of the visits. The modularity of the network architecture allows us to apply our model on various data types: a synthetic image dataset with known generative factors, cognitive assessments and neuroimaging data. We show that, combined with our patient encoder, the ranking loss for visits helps to exceed models with supervision, in particular in terms of disease staging.
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Dates and versions

hal-03491692 , version 1 (17-12-2021)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03491692 , version 1

Cite

Raphaël Couronné, Paul Vernhet, Stanley Durrleman​. Longitudinal self-supervision to disentangle inter-patient variability from disease progression. MICCAI 2021 - 24th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, Sep 2021, Strasbourg, France. ⟨hal-03491692⟩
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