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Journal Articles Gait & Posture Year : 2022

Collision avoidance strategies between two athlete walkers: Understanding impaired avoidance behaviours in athletes with a previous concussion

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Individuals who have sustained a concussion often display associated balance control deficits and visuomotor impairments despite being cleared by a physician to return to sport. Such visuomotor impairments can be highlighted in collision avoidance tasks that involves a mutual adaptation between two walkers. However, studies have yet to challenged athletes with a previous concussion during an everyday collision avoidance task, following return to sport. RESEARCH QUESTION: Do athletes with a previous concussion display associated behavioural changes during a 90°-collision avoidance task with an approaching pedestrian? METHODS: Thirteen athletes (ATH; 9 females, 23 ± 4years) and 13 athletes with a previous concussion (CONC; 9 females, 22 ± 3 years, concussion <6 months) walked at a comfortable walking speed along a 12.6 m pathway while avoiding another athlete on a 90º-collision course. Each participant randomly interacted with individuals from the same group 20 times and interacted with individuals from the opposite group 21 times. Minimum predicted distance (mpd) was used to examine collision avoidance behaviours between ATH and CONC groups. RESULTS: The overall progression of mpd(t) did not differ between groups (p > .05). During the collision avoidance task, previously concussed athletes contributed less when passing second compared to their peers(p < .001). When two previously concussed athletes were on a collision course, there was a greater amount of variability resulting in inappropriate adaptive behaviours. SIGNIFICANCE: Although successful at avoiding a collision with an approaching athlete, previously concussed athletes exhibit behavioural changes manifesting in riskier behaviours. The current findings suggest that previously concussed athletes possess behavioural changes even after being cleared to returned to sport, which may increase their risk of a subsequent injury when playing.
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Dates and versions

hal-03477399 , version 1 (13-12-2021)

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Natalie Snyder, Michael Cinelli, Victoria Rapos, Armel Crétual, Anne-Hélène Olivier. Collision avoidance strategies between two athlete walkers: Understanding impaired avoidance behaviours in athletes with a previous concussion. Gait & Posture, 2022, 92, pp.24-29. ⟨10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.11.003⟩. ⟨hal-03477399⟩
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