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Journal Articles Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology Year : 2022

A quasi-static poromechanical model of the lungs

Abstract

The lung vital function of providing oxygen to the body heavily relies on its mechanical behavior, and the interaction with its complex environment. In particular, the large compliance and the porosity of the pulmonary tissue are critical for lung inflation and air inhalation, and the diaphragm, the pleura, the rib cage and intercostal muscles all play a role in delivering and controlling the breathing driving forces. In this paper, we introduce a novel poromechanical model of the lungs. The constitutive law is derived within a general poromechanics theory via the formulation of lung-specific assumptions, leading to a hyperelastic potential reproducing the volume response of the pulmonary mixture to a change of pressure. Moreover, physiological boundary conditions are formulated to account for the interaction of the lungs with their surroundings, including a following pressure and bilateral frictionless contact. A strategy is established to estimate the unloaded configuration from a given loaded state, with a particular focus on ensuring a positive porosity. Finally, we illustrate through several realistic examples the relevance of our model and its potential clinical applications.
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Dates and versions

hal-03474200 , version 1 (10-12-2021)
hal-03474200 , version 2 (17-01-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Cécile Patte, Martin Genet, Dominique Chapelle. A quasi-static poromechanical model of the lungs. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 2022, 21 (2), pp.527-551. ⟨10.1007/s10237-021-01547-0⟩. ⟨hal-03474200v2⟩
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