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Journal Articles Physical Review X Year : 2021

Multiplexed Photon Number Measurement


When a two-level system—a qubit—is used as a probe of a larger system, it naturally leads to answering a single yes-no question about the system state. Here we propose a method where a single qubit is able to extract, not a single, but many bits of information about the photon number of a microwave resonator using continuous measurement. We realize a proof-of-principle experiment by recording the fluorescence emitted by a superconducting qubit reflecting a frequency comb, thus implementing multiplexed photon counting where the information about each Fock state—from 0 to 8—is simultaneously encoded in independent measurement channels. Direct Wigner tomography of the quantum state of the resonator evidences the backaction of the measurement as well as the optimal information extraction parameters. Our experiment unleashes the full potential of quantum meters by replacing sequential quantum measurements with simultaneous and continuous measurements separated in the frequency domain.

Dates and versions

hal-03443020 , version 1 (23-11-2021)



Antoine Essig, Quentin Ficheux, Théau Peronnin, Nathanaël Cottet, Raphaël Lescanne, et al.. Multiplexed Photon Number Measurement. Physical Review X, 2021, 11 (3), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevX.11.031045⟩. ⟨hal-03443020⟩
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