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Journal Articles Neural Networks Year : 2021

Learning emotions latent representation with CVAE for Text-Driven Expressive AudioVisual Speech Synthesis

Abstract

Great improvement has been made in the field of expressive audiovisual Text-to-Speech synthesis (EAVTTS) thanks to deep learning techniques. However, generating realistic speech is still an open issue and researchers in this area have been focusing lately on controlling the speech variability.In this paper, we use different neural architectures to synthesize emotional speech. We study the application of unsupervised learning techniques for emotional speech modeling as well as methods for restructuring emotions representation to make it continuous and more flexible. This manipulation of the emotional representation should allow us to generate new styles of speech by mixing emotions. We first present our expressive audiovisual corpus. We validate the emotional content of this corpus with three perceptual experiments using acoustic only, visual only and audiovisual stimuli.After that, we analyze the performance of a fully connected neural network in learning characteristics specific to different emotions for the phone duration aspect and the acoustic and visual modalities.We also study the contribution of a joint and separate training of the acoustic and visual modalities in the quality of the generated synthetic speech.In the second part of this paper, we use a conditional variational auto-encoder (CVAE) architecture to learn a latent representation of emotions. We applied this method in an unsupervised manner to generate features of expressive speech. We used a probabilistic metric to compute the overlapping degree between emotions latent clusters to choose the best parameters for the CVAE. By manipulating the latent vectors, we were able to generate nuances of a given emotion and to generate new emotions that do not exist in our database. For these new emotions, we obtain a coherent articulation. We conducted four perceptual experiments to evaluate our findings.
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Dates and versions

hal-03204193 , version 1 (21-04-2021)

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Sara Dahmani, Vincent Colotte, Valérian Girard, Slim Ouni. Learning emotions latent representation with CVAE for Text-Driven Expressive AudioVisual Speech Synthesis. Neural Networks, 2021, 141, pp.315-329. ⟨10.1016/j.neunet.2021.04.021⟩. ⟨hal-03204193⟩
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