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Journal Articles Neuroinformatics Year : 2022

Scalable Query Answering under Uncertainty to Neuroscientific Ontological Knowledge: The NeuroLang Approach

Abstract

Researchers in neuroscience have a growing number of datasets available to study the brain, which is made possible by recent technological advances. Given the extent to which the brain has been studied, there is also available ontological knowledge encoding the current state of the art regarding its different areas, activation patterns, key words associated with studies, etc. Furthermore, there is an inherent uncertainty associated with brain scans arising from the mapping between voxels---3D pixels---and actual points in different individual brains. Unfortunately, there is currently no unifying framework for accessing such collections of rich heterogeneous data under uncertainty, making it necessary for researchers to rely on ad hoc tools. In particular, one major weakness of current tools that attempt to address this kind of task is that only very limited propositional query languages have been developed. In this paper, we present NeuroLang, an ontology language with existential rules, probabilistic uncertainty, and built-in mechanisms to guarantee tractable query answering over very large datasets. After presenting the language and its general query answering architecture, we discuss real-world use cases showing how NeuroLang can be applied to practical scenarios for which current tools are inadequate.
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Dates and versions

hal-03187887 , version 1 (07-04-2021)
hal-03187887 , version 2 (22-02-2022)
hal-03187887 , version 3 (02-11-2022)

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Gaston E Zanitti, Yamil Soto, Valentin Iovene, Maria Vanina Martinez, Ricardo O Rodriguez, et al.. Scalable Query Answering under Uncertainty to Neuroscientific Ontological Knowledge: The NeuroLang Approach. Neuroinformatics, 2022, ⟨10.3389/fninf.2014.00014⟩. ⟨hal-03187887v3⟩
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