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Journal Articles Discrete Applied Mathematics Year : 2021

Weighted Total Acquisition

Guillaume Bagan
Valentin Gledel
Marc Heinrich


In the Weighted Total Acquisition problem (WTA) on a weighted graph $G$ (only positive non-zero weights), a vertex $v$ can acquire the total weight of a neighbour $u$ if and only if the current weight of $v$ is at least that of $u$. The new weight of $u$ is then zero, and the new weight of $v$ is then the sum of the weights at $u$ and $v$ just before the acquisition. Over all possible acquisition sequences in $G$ with weight function $w$, the minimum number of vertices with a non-zero weight at the end is denoted by $a_t(G,w)$. Given a graph $G$, a weighting $w$, and an integer $k\geq 1$, the WTA problem asks whether $a_t(G,w)\leq k$. The Binary (Unary resp.) WTA problem corresponds to the WTA problem when the weights are encoded in binary (unary resp.).We prove that Unary WTA is polynomial-time solvable in graphs of bounded treewidth and degree. When only the treewidth is bounded, this algorithm is quasi-polynomial, i.e., it runs in time $W^{O(\log W)}$, where $W$ is the sum of the weights of the vertices. Moreover, we show that Unary WTA is FPT in trees when parameterized by the maximum degree. On the negative side, we show that WTA is NP-complete in trivially perfect graphs and split graphs, even when $k=1$ in the latter.We prove that the Binary WTA problem is NP-complete in trees of bounded degree, trees of bounded depth, and wheels, but that it is in XP for trees and wheels when parameterized by the solution size. Moreover, we show that Binary WTA is NP-complete in $K_{3,n}$, planar graphs of pathwidth 2, and unit interval graphs even when $k=1$, and in trivially perfect graphs when $k\geq 2$ (but polynomial-time solvable when $k=1$).
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Dates and versions

hal-02880093 , version 1 (24-06-2020)
hal-02880093 , version 2 (17-08-2021)



Guillaume Bagan, Valentin Gledel, Marc Heinrich, Fionn Mc Inerney. Weighted Total Acquisition. Discrete Applied Mathematics, 2021, 304, pp.260-282. ⟨10.1016/j.dam.2021.07.040⟩. ⟨hal-02880093v2⟩
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