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Journal Articles Physical Review A : Atomic, molecular, and optical physics [1990-2015] Year : 2016

Entanglement of quantum circular states of light

Abstract

We present a general approach to calculating the entanglement of formation for superpositions of two-mode coherent states, placed equidistantly on a circle in the phase space. We show that in the particular case of rotationally-invariant circular states the Schmidt decomposition of two modes, and therefore the value of their entanglement, are given by analytical expressions. We analyse the dependence of the entanglement on the radius of the circle and number of components in the superposition. We also show that the set of rotationally-invariant circular states creates an orthonormal basis in the state space of the harmonic oscillator, and this basis is advantageous for representation of other circular states of light.

Dates and versions

hal-01408553 , version 1 (05-12-2016)

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Horoshko D., Stephan de Bievre, Mikhail I. Kolobov, Giuseppe Patera. Entanglement of quantum circular states of light. Physical Review A : Atomic, molecular, and optical physics [1990-2015], 2016, ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.93.062323⟩. ⟨hal-01408553⟩
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