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Conference Papers Year : 2015

Local Relative Transfer Function for Sound Source Localization

Abstract

The relative transfer function (RTF), i.e. the ratio of acoustic transfer functions between two sensors, can be used for sound source localization / beamforming based on a microphone array. The RTF is usually defined with respect to a unique reference sensor. Choosing the reference sensor may be a difficult task, especially for dynamic acoustic environment and setup. In this paper we propose to use a locally normalized RTF, in short local-RTF, as an acoustic feature to characterize the source direction. Local-RTF takes a neighbor sensor as the reference channel for a given sensor. The estimated local-RTF vector can thus avoid the bad effects of a noisy unique reference and have smaller estimation error than conventional RTF estimators. We propose two estimators for the local-RTF and concatenate the values across sensors and frequencies to form a high-dimensional vector which is utilized for source localization. Experiments with real-world signals show the interest of this approach.
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Dates and versions

hal-01163675 , version 1 (15-06-2015)

Identifiers

Cite

Xiaofei Li, Radu Horaud, Laurent Girin, Sharon Gannot. Local Relative Transfer Function for Sound Source Localization. EUSIPCO 2015 - 23th European Signal Processing Conference, Aug 2015, Nice, France. pp.399-403, ⟨10.1109/EUSIPCO.2015.7362413⟩. ⟨hal-01163675⟩
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