Everyday-like memory and its cognitive correlates in healthy older adults and in young patients with traumatic brain injury: a pilot study based on virtual reality. - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology Year : 2014

Everyday-like memory and its cognitive correlates in healthy older adults and in young patients with traumatic brain injury: a pilot study based on virtual reality.

Abstract

Purpose State: A pilot-study with a comparison approach between aging and traumatic brain injury (TBI) is proposed to investigate everyday object memory patterns using a virtual HOMES test. Methods: Sixteen young controls, 15 older adults and 15 TBI patients underwent the HOMES test and traditional tests. Results: Older adults and TBI patients exhibited similar HOMES performances: poor recall, a greater recognition benefit, high false recognitions, but intact clustering and proactive interference effects. The age-related differences for HOMES measures were mainly mediated by executive functioning, while the HOMES performances in the TBI group were correlated with memory measures. Conclusion: The differential cognitive mediating effects for a similar everyday-like memory pattern are discussed by highlighting the need for more cautious interpretations of cognitive mechanisms behind similar behavioral patterns in different populations especially in clinical and rehabilitation settings. Implication for Rehabilitation Virtual reality might provide ecological scenarios to assess the multiple processes of everyday memory in elderly people as well as in TBI patients. A similar pattern of Everyday-like memory failures might result from different cognitive origins among different neuropsychological patients. The assessment of specific cognitive origins of Everyday-like memory impairments deserves consideration for drawing up relevant rehabilitative programs that match the specific cognitive needs of patients for performing everyday memory tasks.

Domains

Psychology
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Dates and versions

hal-01027410 , version 1 (21-07-2014)

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Cite

Prashant Arvind Pala, Bernard N'Kaoua, Jean-Michel Mazaux, Audrey Simion, S. Lozes, et al.. Everyday-like memory and its cognitive correlates in healthy older adults and in young patients with traumatic brain injury: a pilot study based on virtual reality.. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 2014, pp.1-11. ⟨10.3109/17483107.2014.941952⟩. ⟨hal-01027410⟩

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