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Journal Articles SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications Year : 2013

LU Factorization with Panel Rank Revealing Pivoting and its Communication Avoiding Version

Amal Khabou
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James W. Demmel
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Ming Gu
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Abstract

We present block LU factorization with panel rank revealing pivoting (block LU PRRP), a decomposition algorithm based on strong rank revealing QR panel factorization. Block LU PRRP is more stable than Gaussian elimination with partial pivoting (GEPP), with a theoretical upper bound of the growth factor of (1 + τb)(n/b)−1, where b is the size of the panel used during the block factorization, τ is a parameter of the strong rank revealing QR factorization, n is the number of columns of the matrix, and for simplicity we assume that n is a multiple of b. We also assume throughout the paper that 2 ≤ b n. For example, if the size of the panel is b = 64, and τ = 2, then (1+2b)(n/b)−1 = (1.079)n−64 2n−1, where 2n−1 is the upper bound of the growth factor of GEPP. Our extensive numerical experiments show that the new factorization scheme is as numerically stable as GEPP in practice, but it is more resistant to pathological cases. The block LU PRRP factorization does only O(n2b) additional floating point operations compared to GEPP. We also present block CALU PRRP, a version of block LU PRRP that minimizes communication and is based on tournament pivoting, with the selection of the pivots at each step of the tournament being performed via strong rank revealing QR factorization. Block CALU PRRP is more stable than CALU, the communication avoiding version of GEPP, with a theoretical upper bound of the growth factor of (1 + τb) nb (H+1)−1, where H is the height of the reduction tree used during tournament pivoting. The upper bound of the growth factor of CALU is 2n(H+1)−1. Block CALU PRRP is also more stable in practice and is resistant to pathological cases on which GEPP and CALU fail.

Dates and versions

hal-00872145 , version 1 (11-10-2013)

Identifiers

Cite

Amal Khabou, James W. Demmel, Laura Grigori, Ming Gu. LU Factorization with Panel Rank Revealing Pivoting and its Communication Avoiding Version. SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications, 2013, 34 (3), ⟨10.1137/120863691⟩. ⟨hal-00872145⟩
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