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Journal Articles Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics Year : 2024

Large-area polycrystalline α-MoO$_3$ thin films for IR photonics


In recent years, the excitation of surface phonon polaritons (SPhPs) in van der Waals materials received wide attention from the nanophotonics community. Alpha-phase Molybdenum trioxide (α-MoO$_3$), a naturally occurring biaxial hyperbolic crystal, emerged as a promising polaritonic material due to its ability to support SPhPs for three orthogonal directions at different wavelength bands (range 10–20 μm). Here, we report on the fabrication, structural, morphological, and optical IR characterization of large-area (over 1 cm$^2$ size) α-MoO$_3$ polycrystalline film deposited on fused silica substrates by pulsed laser deposition. Due to the random grain distribution, the thin film does not display any optical anisotropy at normal incidence. However, the proposed fabrication method allows us to achieve a single α-phase, preserving the typical strong dispersion related to the phononic response of α-MoO$_3$ flakes. Remarkable spectral properties of interest for IR photonics applications are reported. For instance, a polarization-tunable reflection peak at 1006 cm$^{ −1}$ with a dynamic range of ΔR = 0.3 and a resonance Q-factor as high as 53 is observed at 45° angle of incidence. Additionally, we report the fulfillment of an impedance matching condition with the SiO$_2$ substrate leading to a polarization-independent almost perfect absorption condition ( R < 0.01) at 972 cm$^{ −1}$ which is maintained for a broad angle of incidence. In this framework our findings appear extremely promising for the further development of mid-IR lithography-free, scalable films, for efficient and large-scale sensors, filters, thermal emitters, and label-free biochemical sensing devices operating in the free space, using far-field detection setups.
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Dates and versions

hal-04608628 , version 1 (11-06-2024)




Maria Cristina Larciprete, Daniele Ceneda, Chiyu Yang, Sina Abedini Dereshgi, Federico Vittorio Lupo, et al.. Large-area polycrystalline α-MoO$_3$ thin films for IR photonics. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2024, 57 (13), pp.135107. ⟨10.1088/1361-6463/ad18f6⟩. ⟨hal-04608628⟩
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