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Journal Articles Medical Image Analysis Year : 2023

Bone mineral density estimation from a plain X-ray image by learning decomposition into projections of bone-segmented computed tomography

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a prevalent bone disease that causes fractures in fragile bones, leading to a decline in daily living activities. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and quantitative computed tomography (QCT) are highly accurate for diagnosing osteoporosis; however, these modalities require special equipment and scan protocols. To frequently monitor bone health, low-cost, low-dose, and ubiquitously available diagnostic methods are highly anticipated. In this study, we aim to perform bone mineral density (BMD) estimation from a plain X-ray image for opportunistic screening, which is potentially useful for early diagnosis. Existing methods have used multi-stage approaches consisting of extraction of the region of interest and simple regression to estimate BMD, which require a large amount of training data. Therefore, we propose an efficient method that learns decomposition into projections of bone-segmented QCT for BMD estimation under limited datasets. The proposed method achieved high accuracy in BMD estimation, where Pearson correlation coefficients of 0.880 and 0.920 were observed for DXA-measured BMD and QCT-measured BMD estimation tasks, respectively, and the root mean square of the coefficient of variation values were 3.27 to 3.79% for four measurements with different poses. Furthermore, we conducted extensive validation experiments, including multi-pose, uncalibrated-CT, and compression experiments toward actual application in routine clinical practice.
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Dates and versions

hal-04396297 , version 1 (17-01-2024)

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Yi Gu, Yoshito Otake, Keisuke Uemura, Mazen Soufi, Masaki Takao, et al.. Bone mineral density estimation from a plain X-ray image by learning decomposition into projections of bone-segmented computed tomography. Medical Image Analysis, 2023, 90, pp.102970. ⟨10.1016/j.media.2023.102970⟩. ⟨hal-04396297⟩
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