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Journal Articles Hippocampus Year : 2024

Medial positioning of the hippocampus and hippocampal fissure volume in Developmental Topographical Disorientation

Abstract

Developmental Topographical Disorientation (DTD) refers to the lifelong inability to orient by means of cognitive maps in familiar surroundings despite otherwise well-preserved general cognitive functions, and the absence of any acquired brain injury or neurological condition. While reduced functional connectivity between the hippocampus and other brain regions has been reported in DTD individuals, no structural differences in grey matter tissue for the whole brain neither for the hippocampus were detected. Considering that the human hippocampus is the main structure associated with cognitive map-based navigation, here, we investigated differences in morphological and morphometric hippocampal features between individuals affected by DTD (N=20) and healthy controls (N=238). Specifically, we focused on a developmental anomaly of the hippocampus that is characterized by the incomplete infolding of hippocampal subfieldsduring foetal development, giving the hippocampus a more round or pyramidal shape, called Incomplete Hippocampal Inversion (IHI). We rated IHI according to standard criteria and extracted hippocampal subfield volumes after FreeSurfer’s automatic segmentation.We observed similar IHI prevalence in the group of individuals with DTD with respect to the control population. Neither differences in whole hippocampal nor major hippocampal subfield volumes have been observed between groups. However, when assessing the IHI independent criteria, we observed that the hippocampus in the DTD group is more medially positioned comparing to the control group. In addition, we observed bigger hippocampal fissure volume for the DTD comparing to the control group. Both of these findings were stronger for the right hippocampus comparing to the left. Our results provide new insights regarding the hippocampal morphology of individuals affected by DTD, highlighting the role of structural anomalies during early prenatal development in line with the developmental nature of the spatial disorientation deficit.
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hal-04385055 , version 1 (10-01-2024)

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Agustina Fragueiro, Claire Cury, Federica Santacroce, Ford Burles, Giuseppe Iaria, et al.. Medial positioning of the hippocampus and hippocampal fissure volume in Developmental Topographical Disorientation. Hippocampus, 2024, pp.1-22. ⟨10.1002/hipo.23599⟩. ⟨hal-04385055⟩
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