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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Stochastic Chemical Reaction Networks for MAP Detection in Cellular Receivers

Abstract

In order to fully exploit the potential of molecular communication (MC) for intra-body communication, practically implementable cellular receivers are an important long-term goal. A variety of receiver architectures based on chemical reaction networks (CRNs) and gene-regulatory networks (GRNs) has been introduced in the literature, because cells use these concepts to perform computations in nature. However, practical feasibility is still limited by stochastic fluctuations of chemical reactions and long computation times in GRNs. Therefore, in this paper, we propose two receiver designs based on stochastic CRNs, i.e., CRNs that perform computations by exploiting the intrinsic fluctuations of chemical reactions with very low molecule counts. The first CRN builds on a recent result from chemistry that showed how Boltzmann machines (BMs), a commonly used machine learning model, can be implemented with CRNs. We show that BMs with optimal parameter values and their CRN implementations can act as maximum-a-posteriori (MAP) detectors. Furthermore, we show that BMs can be efficiently trained from simulation data to achieve close-to-MAP performance. While this approach yields a fixed CRN once deployed, our second approach based on a manually designed CRN can be trained with pilot symbols even within the cell and thus adapt to changing channel conditions. We extend the literature by showing that practical robust detectors can achieve close-to-MAP performance even without explicit channel knowledge.
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Dates and versions

hal-04361281 , version 1 (22-12-2023)

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Bastian Heinlein, Lukas Brand, Malcolm Egan, Maximilian Schäfer, Robert Schober, et al.. Stochastic Chemical Reaction Networks for MAP Detection in Cellular Receivers. NANOCOM '23: The 10th Annual ACM International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication, Sep 2023, Coventry, United Kingdom. pp.65-71, ⟨10.1145/3576781.3608709⟩. ⟨hal-04361281⟩
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