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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Reassessing the advantage of indefinite causal orders for quantum metrology

Abstract

The quantum switch, the canonical example of a process with indefinite causal order, has been claimed to provide various advantages over processes with definite causal orders for some particular tasks in the field of quantum metrology. In this work, we argue that some of these advantages in fact do not hold if a fairer comparison is made. To this end, we consider a framework that allows for a proper comparison between the performance, quantified by the quantum Fisher information, of different classes of indefinite causal order processes and that of causal strategies on a given metrological task. More generally, by considering the recently proposed classes of circuits with classical or quantum control of the causal order, we come up with different examples where processes with indefinite causal order offer (or not) an advantage over processes with definite causal order, qualifying the interest of indefinite causal order regarding quantum metrology. As it turns out, for a range of examples, the class of quantum circuits with quantum control of causal order, which are known to be physically realizable, is shown to provide a strict advantage over causally ordered quantum circuits as well as over the class of quantum circuits with causal superposition. Thus, considering this class provides new evidence that indefinite causal order strategies can strictly outperform definite causal order strategies in quantum metrology. Moreover, it shows that the so-called dynamical control of causal order, a feature of quantum circuits with quantum control of the causal order but not of quantum circuits with mere causal superposition, can be a useful resource in quantum metrology.
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hal-04360267 , version 1 (21-12-2023)

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Raphaël Mothe, Cyril Branciard, Alastair A. Abbott. Reassessing the advantage of indefinite causal orders for quantum metrology. 2023. ⟨hal-04360267⟩
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