Occurrence of Major Local Lower Limb Events in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Lower Extremity Arterial Disease: Impact of Metformin - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles Annals of Vascular Surgery Year : 2023

Occurrence of Major Local Lower Limb Events in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Lower Extremity Arterial Disease: Impact of Metformin

Abstract

Backgrounds Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are particularly at risk of developing major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and peripheral artery disease (PAD) due to an acceleration of the atherosclerotic process linked to hyperglycemia and inflammation with a greater risk of local complications. We aimed to identify the predictive factors for major adverse limb events (MALE) in T2DM patients with PAD to manage modifiable factors at an early stage. Methods This is a prospective study in which T2DM patients with PAD were included from November 2017 to May 2018 and followed over 12 months. The predictive factors for the onset of MALE, MACE, and death from all causes have been identified. Results A total of 100 patients were included; 37% of the patients developed a MALE. After multivariate analysis, metformin was associated with a decrease of MALE (odds ratio (OR) = 0.26; 95% confidence interval (CI) [0.10; 0.68]; P = 0.007), and a history of the treatment of intravenous iloprost was associated with an increased risk of MALE (OR = 5.70; 95% CI [1.31; 31.93]; P = 0.029). Regular physical activity was associated with a decreased risk of MACE (OR = 0.07; 95% CI [0; 0.44]; P = 0.021). A history of stroke and a history of venous thromboembolism were associated with an increased all-cause mortality risk with OR = 3.68; 95% CI [1.17; 11.5]; P = 0.025 and OR = 3.78; 95% CI [1.16; 12.3]; P = 0.027. Conclusions Metformin is protective against local complications in people with diabetes with PAD and should be prescribed to diabetic patients with PAD at an early stage.
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hal-04343656 , version 1 (05-04-2024)

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Shanon Tan, Guillaume Goudot, Armelle Arnoux, Yohann Tran, Hassan Maissoro, et al.. Occurrence of Major Local Lower Limb Events in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Lower Extremity Arterial Disease: Impact of Metformin. Annals of Vascular Surgery, 2023, 90, pp.153-161. ⟨10.1016/j.avsg.2022.09.064⟩. ⟨hal-04343656⟩
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