Impact of induction therapy in locally advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles EJSO - European Journal of Surgical Oncology Year : 2023

Impact of induction therapy in locally advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

Abstract

Introduction After local or systemic treatment, a small number of patients with primarily unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) may benefit from secondary resection. This study aimed to analyze the oncological outcome of patients who underwent radical surgery after preoperative treatment. Methods From 2000 to 2021, all patients who underwent curative-intent liver resection for ICC in three tertiary centers were selected. Patients were divided into two groups: upfront surgery (US) and preoperative treatment (POT). Oncologic data (preoperative treatment, histologic data, adjuvant chemotherapy, overall survival, and recurrence-free survival) were compared between the two groups. Results Among 198 included patients, 31 (15.7%) received POT including chemotherapy (74.2%), radioembolization (12.9%), chemoembolization (9.7%), or combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy (3.2%). Major resection was performed in 156 (78.8%) patients, and 53 (26.8%) had vascular and/or biliary reconstruction. Histological findings were similar between US and POT group and were not affected by the type of POT. After a median follow-up of 23 months, recurrence rate (58.1% POT vs. 55.1% US, p = 0.760) and type were similar between groups. Recurrence-free survival at 1 and 3 years (41.9% and 22.6% vs. 46.7 and 21.6% in the POT and US, respectively, p = 0.989) and overall survival at 1 and 3 years (77.4% and 32.3% vs. 69.5% and 34.7% in the POT and US respectively, p = 0.323) were similar and independent of the POT type. Conclusion After POT, downstaged patients who underwent curative-intent resection for initially unresectable ICC have similar long-term outcomes as those undergoing upfront surgery.
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hal-04172878 , version 1 (28-07-2023)

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Alix Dhote, Stylianos Tzedakis, Christian Hobeika, Ugo Marchese, Romain Coriat, et al.. Impact of induction therapy in locally advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. EJSO - European Journal of Surgical Oncology, 2023, ⟨10.1016/j.ejso.2023.05.014⟩. ⟨hal-04172878⟩
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