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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Stratified principal component analysis


This paper investigates a general family of covariance models with repeated eigenvalues extending probabilistic principal component analysis (PPCA). A geometric interpretation shows that these models are parameterised by flag manifolds and stratify the space of covariance matrices according to the sequence of eigenvalue multiplicities. The subsequent analysis sheds light on PPCA and answers an important question on the practical identifiability of individual eigenvectors. It notably shows that one rarely has enough samples to fit a covariance model with distinct eigenvalues and that block-averaging the adjacent sample eigenvalues with small gaps achieves a better complexity/goodness-of-fit tradeoff.
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Dates and versions

hal-04171853 , version 1 (26-07-2023)
hal-04171853 , version 2 (02-11-2023)





Tom Szwagier, Xavier Pennec. Stratified principal component analysis. 2023. ⟨hal-04171853v2⟩
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