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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Stabilization of approximate GHZ state with quasi-local couplings

Alain Sarlette

Abstract

We propose a reservoir design, composed of fixed dissipation operators acting each on few local subsystems, to stabilize an approximate GHZ state on n qubits. The main idea is to work out how a previously proposed sequence of two stabilization steps can be applied instead in appropriate (probabilistic) superposition. We examine alternatives to synchronize the superposition using local couplings only, thanks to a chain of "clock" ancillas or to additional levels on the data subsystems. The practical value of these alternatives depends on experimental constraints. They all feature a design tradeoff between approximate stabilization fidelity and protection against perturbations. These proposals illustrate how simple autonomous automata can be implemented in quantum reservoir engineering to replace sequential state preparation procedures. Encoding automaton actions via additional data levels only, appears particularly efficient in this context. Our analysis method, reducing the Lindblad master equation to a Markov chain on virtual output signals, may be of independent interest.

Dates and versions

hal-04137276 , version 1 (22-06-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Vincent Martin, Alain Sarlette. Stabilization of approximate GHZ state with quasi-local couplings. 2023. ⟨hal-04137276⟩
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