Evaluation of tsunami inundation in the plain of Martil (north Morocco): Comparison of four inundation estimation methods - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles Natural Hazards Research Year : 2023

Evaluation of tsunami inundation in the plain of Martil (north Morocco): Comparison of four inundation estimation methods

Alain Rabaute

Abstract

The Alboran Basin may be subject to tsunami hazards. If such an event were to occur, it is expected that the urbanised and densely populated areas of northern Moroccan coastline would be affected. Precise inundation hazard maps are needed for tsunami risk management in this region. In this article, we argue that the diversity of hazard mapping methods ensures the robustness of the scientific knowledge about the exposure of a territory. Hence, the main objective of this study is to analyse the exposure of the plain of Martil (north of Morocco), by using four hazard mapping methods to create inundation maps for two scenarios of tsunamis generated by extreme submarine mass failure (SMF) in the Alboran Sea, of 0.9 km3 and 3.8 km3 respectively. A digital terrain model of the plain was used to explore four methods of inundation mapping. The static method identified 4.32 km2 and 19.83 km2 of flooded areas for each scenario using water height values as inundation thresholds. The hybrid and the volumetric methods use the volume of water to determine the inundation extent. For the first scenario, 3.51 km2 of the plain were inundated using the hybrid method, and 20.11 km2 for the second scenario. The results of the volumetric methods are 2.32 km2 and 7.82 km2 respectively for the first and second scenario. Finally, the fourth method relies on numerical hydrodynamic modelling of tsunami inundation (Freshkiss3d® code). With this method, 4.55 km2 of the plain were flooded in the first scenario, and 24.12 km2 for the second. The comparison of the results highlights that the most sensitive areas to tsunami inundation are the lowest topographic ones, being the beaches and the wadis floodplains. This result raises questions on the current coastal development and the preparedness of its population, thus calling for more attention to engage on tsunami risk management related questions.
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hal-04134599 , version 1 (03-11-2023)

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Elise Basquin, Apolline El Baz, Jacques Sainte-Marie, Alain Rabaute, Maud Thomas, et al.. Evaluation of tsunami inundation in the plain of Martil (north Morocco): Comparison of four inundation estimation methods. Natural Hazards Research, 2023, ⟨10.1016/j.nhres.2023.06.002⟩. ⟨hal-04134599⟩
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