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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Long-time behavior of the Stokes-transport system in a channel

Abstract

The coupling between the transport equation for the density and the Stokes equation is considered in a periodic channel. More precisely, the density is advected by pure transport by a velocity field given by the Stokes equation with source force coming from the gravity due to differences in the density. Dirichlet boundary conditions are taken for the velocity field on the bottom and top of the channel, and periodic conditions in the horizontal variable. We prove that the affine stratified density profile is stable under small perturbations in Sobolev spaces and prove convergence of the density to another limiting stratified density profile for large time with an explicit algebraic decay rate. Moreover, we are able to precisely identify the limiting profile as the decreasing vertical rearrangement of the initial density. Finally, we study boundary layers formation to precisely characterize the long-time behavior beyond the constant limiting profile and enlighten the optimal decay rate.

Dates and versions

hal-04114516 , version 1 (02-06-2023)

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Anne-Laure Dalibard, Julien Guillod, Antoine Leblond. Long-time behavior of the Stokes-transport system in a channel. 2023. ⟨hal-04114516⟩
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