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Journal Articles Journal of Numerical Mathematics Year : 2024

A fully well-balanced hydrodynamic reconstruction


The present work focuses on the numerical approximation of the weak solutions of the shallow water model over a non-flat topography. In particular, we pay close attention to steady solutions with nonzero velocity. The goal of this work is to derive a scheme that exactly preserves these stationary solutions, as well as the commonly preserved lake at rest steady solution. These moving steady states are solution to a nonlinear equation. We emphasize that the method proposed here never requires solving this nonlinear equation; instead, a suitable linearization is derived. To address this issue, we propose an extension of the well-known hydrostatic reconstruction. By appropriately defining the reconstructed states at the interfaces, any numerical flux function, combined with a relevant source term discretization, produces a well-balanced scheme that preserves both moving and non-moving steady solutions. This eliminates the need to construct specific numerical fluxes. Additionally, we prove that the resulting scheme is consistent with the homogeneous system on flat topographies, and that it reduces to the hydrostatic reconstruction when the velocity vanishes. To increase the accuracy of the simulations, we propose a well-balanced high-order procedure, which still does not require solving any nonlinear equation. Several numerical experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the numerical scheme.
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Year Month Jours
Avant la publication
Tuesday, September 24, 2024
Embargoed file
Tuesday, September 24, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04083181 , version 1 (27-04-2023)
hal-04083181 , version 2 (29-04-2024)



Christophe Berthon, Victor Michel-Dansac. A fully well-balanced hydrodynamic reconstruction. Journal of Numerical Mathematics, 2024, ⟨10.1515/jnma-2023-0065⟩. ⟨hal-04083181v2⟩
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