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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Fluctuation-based deconvolution in fluorescence microscopy using plug-and-play denoisers

Vasiliki Stergiopoulou
Luca Calatroni
Laure Blanc-Féraud

Abstract

The spatial resolution of images of living samples obtained by fluorescence microscopes is physically limited due to the diffraction of visible light, which makes the study of entities of size less than the diffraction barrier (around 200 nm in the x-y plane) very challenging. To overcome this limitation, several deconvolution and super-resolution techniques have been proposed. Within the framework of inverse problems, modern approaches in fluorescence microscopy reconstruct a super-resolved image from a temporal stack of frames by carefully designing suitable hand-crafted sparsity-promoting regularisers. Numerically, such approaches are solved by proximal gradient-based iterative schemes. Aiming at obtaining a reconstruction more adapted to sample geometries (e.g. thin filaments), we adopt a plug-and-play denoising approach with convergence guarantees and replace the proximity operator associated with the explicit image regulariser with an image denoiser (i.e. a pre-trained network) which, upon appropriate training, mimics the action of an implicit prior. To account for the independence of the fluctuations between molecules, the model relies on second-order statistics. The denoiser is then trained on covariance images coming from data representing sequences of fluctuating fluorescent molecules with filament structure. The method is evaluated on both simulated and real fluorescence microscopy images, showing its ability to correctly reconstruct filament structures with high values of peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR).
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Dates and versions

hal-04038738 , version 1 (21-03-2023)

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Vasiliki Stergiopoulou, Subhadip Mukherjee, Luca Calatroni, Laure Blanc-Féraud. Fluctuation-based deconvolution in fluorescence microscopy using plug-and-play denoisers. Scale Space and Variational Methods in Computer Vision, May 2023, Sardinia, Italy. pp.498-510, ⟨10.1007/978-3-031-31975-4_38⟩. ⟨hal-04038738⟩
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