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Journal Articles Physical Review Applied Year : 2024

Weak entanglement improves quantum communication using only product measurements

Abstract

We show that weakly entangled states can improve communication over a qubit channel using only separate, interference-free, measurements of individual photons. We introduce a communication task corresponding to the cryptographic primitive known as secret sharing and show that all steerable two-qubit isotropic states provide a quantum advantage in the success rate using only product measurements. Furthermore, we show that such measurements can even reveal communication advantages from noisy partially entangled states that admit no quantum steering. We then go further and consider a stochastic variant of secret sharing based on more-sophisticated, yet standard, partial Bell-state analyzers, and show that this reveals advantages also for a range of unsteerable isotropic states. By preparing polarization qubits in unsteerable states, we experimentally demonstrate increased success rates of both secret-sharing tasks beyond the best entanglement-unassisted qubit protocol. Our results reveal the capability of simple and scalable measurements in entanglement-assisted quantum communication to overcome large amounts of noise.
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hal-04029621 , version 1 (15-03-2023)
hal-04029621 , version 2 (25-03-2024)

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Amélie Piveteau, Alastair A. Abbott, Sadiq Muhammad, Mohamed Bourennane, Armin Tavakoli. Weak entanglement improves quantum communication using only product measurements. Physical Review Applied, 2024, 21, pp.034053. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevApplied.21.034053⟩. ⟨hal-04029621v2⟩
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