Assessment of Functional and Nutritional Status and Skeletal Muscle Mass for the Prognosis of Critically Ill Solid Cancer Patients - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles Cancers Year : 2022

Assessment of Functional and Nutritional Status and Skeletal Muscle Mass for the Prognosis of Critically Ill Solid Cancer Patients

Abstract

Simple and accessible prognostic factors are paramount for solid cancer patients experiencing life-threatening complications. The aim of this study is to appraise the impact of functional and nutritional status and skeletal muscle mass in this population. We conducted a retrospective (2007–2020) single-center study by enrolling adult patients with solid cancers requiring unplanned ICU admission. Performance status, body weight, and albumin level were collected at ICU admission and over six months. Skeletal muscle mass was assessed at ICU admission by measuring muscle areas normalized by height (SMI). Four-hundred and sixty-two patients were analyzed, mainly with gastro-intestinal (34.8%) and lung (29.9%) neoplasms. Moreover, 92.8% of men and 67.3% of women were deemed cachectic. In the multivariate analysis, performance status at ICU admission (CSH 1.74 [1.27–2.39], p < 0.001) and the six month increase in albumin level (CSH 0.38 [0.16–0.87], p = 0.02) were independent predictors of ICU mortality. In the subgroup of mechanically ventilated patients, the psoas SMI was independently associated with ICU mortality (CSH 0.82 [0.67–0.98], p = 0.04). Among the 368 ICU-survivors, the performance status at ICU admission (CSH 1.34 [1.14–1.59], p < 0.001) and the six-month weight loss (CSH 1.33 [1.17–2.99], p = 0.01) were associated with a one-year mortality rate. Most cancer patients displayed cachexia at ICU admission. Time courses of nutritional parameters may aid the prediction of short- and long-term outcomes.

Domains

Medical Imaging
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution
Licence : CC BY - Attribution

Dates and versions

hal-03939202 , version 1 (06-06-2023)

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Clara Vigneron, Othmane Laousy, Guillaume Chassagnon, Maria Vakalopoulou, Julien Charpentier, et al.. Assessment of Functional and Nutritional Status and Skeletal Muscle Mass for the Prognosis of Critically Ill Solid Cancer Patients. Cancers, 2022, 14 (23), pp.5870. ⟨10.3390/cancers14235870⟩. ⟨hal-03939202⟩
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