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Journal Articles Journal of Testing and Evaluation Year : 2022

Thermal Behavior of a Novel Solar Hybrid Road for Energy Harvesting

Abstract

Transportation is undergoing a radical transformation toward a novel way of thinking about road pavement: a sustainable, multifunctional infrastructure able to satisfy mobility needs, ensuring high safety standards, low carbon impact, automated detection through smart sensors, and resilience against natural and anthropogenic hazards. In this scenario, the road could also play a role for energy harvesting, thanks to the exploitation of solar radiation. The latter can be directly converted into electricity by solar cells placed under a semitransparent layer, or it can be harvested through a calorific flowing fluid. The aim of this paper is to introduce the concept of “hybrid road,” which is able to exploit both approaches. The innovative pavement is a multilayered structure composed by a semitransparent top layer made of glass aggregates bonded together thanks to a semitransparent resin, an electrical layer containing the solar cells, a porous asphalt layer for the circulation of the calorific fluid, and finally, a base waterproof layer. The hybrid road can generate electricity, contrast the heat-island effect, exploit the harvested energy to run a heat pump for heating purposes, or facilitate road deicing during winter. The present paper details experimental data obtained through energetic tests performed with a laboratory-size prototype of the hybrid road. The results show that the prototype is able to harvest around 55.2 W through the heat-transfer fluid. Furthermore, the heat exchange between water and asphalt has a cooling effect on the entire prototype.
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Dates and versions

hal-03895819 , version 1 (13-12-2022)

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Domenico Vizzari, Jean Dumoulin, Emmanuel Chailleux, Eric Gennesseaux, Stéphane Lavaud, et al.. Thermal Behavior of a Novel Solar Hybrid Road for Energy Harvesting. Journal of Testing and Evaluation, 2022, 51 (4), pp.20220283. ⟨10.1520/JTE20220283⟩. ⟨hal-03895819⟩
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