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Journal Articles Computer Research and Modeling Year : 2022

Modelling of cytokine storm in respiratory viral infections

Моделирование цитокинового шторма приреспираторных вирусных инфекциях


In this work, we develop a model of the immune response to respiratory viral infections taking into account some particular properties of the SARS-CoV-2 infection. The model represents a system of ordinary differential equations for the concentrations of epithelial cells, immune cells, virus and inflammatory cytokines. Conventional analysis of the existence and stability of stationary points is completed by numerical simulations in order to study dynamics of solutions. Behavior of solutions is characterized by large peaks of virus concentration specific for acute respiratory viral infections. At the first stage, we study the innate immune response based on the protective properties of interferon secreted by virus-infected cells. On the other hand, viral infection down-regulates interferon production. Their competition can lead to the bistability of the system with different regimes of infection progression with high or low intensity. In the case of infection outbreak, the incubation period and the maximal viral load depend on the initial viral load and the parameters of the immune response. In particular, increase of the initial viral load leads to shorter incubation period and higher maximal viral load. In order to study the emergence and dynamics of cytokine storm, we consider proinflammatory cytokines produced by cells of the innate immune response. Depending on parameters of the model, the system can remain in the normal inflammatory state specific for viral infections or, due to positive feedback between inflammation and immune cells, pass to cytokine storm characterized by excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, inflammatory cell death can stimulate transition to cytokine storm. However, it cannot sustain it by itself without the innate immune response. Assumptions of the model and obtained results are in qualitative agreement with the experimental and clinical data.
Ключевые слова: врожденный иммунный ответ, цитокиновый шторм, математическое моделирование Работа выполнена при финансовой поддержке Министерства науки и высшего образования Российской Федерации в рамках государственного задания: соглашение № 075-03-2020-223/3 (FSSF-2020-0018). Авторы выражают благодарность анонимным рецензентам за их ценные комментарии.
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Dates and versions

hal-03840309 , version 1 (05-11-2022)



Cristina Leon, Alexey A Tokarev, Vitaly A Volpert. Modelling of cytokine storm in respiratory viral infections. Computer Research and Modeling, 2022, 14, pp.619 - 645. ⟨10.20537/2076-7633-2022-14-3-619-645⟩. ⟨hal-03840309⟩
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