Exploiting Inductive Bias in Transformers for Unsupervised Disentanglement of Syntax and Semantics with VAEs - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2022

Exploiting Inductive Bias in Transformers for Unsupervised Disentanglement of Syntax and Semantics with VAEs

Abstract

We propose a generative model for text generation, which exhibits disentangled latent representations of syntax and semantics. Contrary to previous work, this model does not need syntactic information such as constituency parses, or semantic information such as paraphrase pairs. Our model relies solely on the inductive bias found in attention-based architectures such as Transformers. In the attention of Transformers, keys handle information selection while values specify what information is conveyed. Our model, dubbed QKVAE, uses Attention in its decoder to read latent variables where one latent variable infers keys while another infers values. We run experiments on latent representations and experiments on syntax/semantics transfer which show that QKVAE displays clear signs of disentangled syntax and semantics. We also show that our model displays competitive syntax transfer capabilities when compared to supervised models and that comparable supervised models need a fairly large amount of data (more than 50K samples) to outperform it on both syntactic and semantic transfer. The code for our experiments is publicly available.

Dates and versions

hal-03812847 , version 1 (13-10-2022)

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Cite

Ghazi Felhi, Joseph Le Roux, Djamé Seddah. Exploiting Inductive Bias in Transformers for Unsupervised Disentanglement of Syntax and Semantics with VAEs. NAACL 2022 - Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Jul 2022, Seattle, United States. pp.5763-5776, ⟨10.18653/v1/2022.naacl-main.423⟩. ⟨hal-03812847⟩
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