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Journal Articles Letters in Mathematical Physics Year : 2023

Algorithms for minimal Picard-Fuchs operators of Feynman integrals

Abstract

In even space-time dimensions the multi-loop Feynman integrals are integrals of rational function in projective space. By using an algorithm that extends the Griffiths--Dwork reduction for the case of projective hypersurfaces with singularities, we derive Fuchsian linear differential equations, the Picard--Fuchs equations, with respect to kinematic parameters for a large class of massive multi-loop Feynman integrals. With this approach we obtain the differential operator for Feynman integrals to high multiplicities and high loop orders. Using recent factorisation algorithms we give the minimal order differential operator in most of the cases studied in this paper. Amongst our results are that the order of Picard--Fuchs operator for the generic massive two-point $n-1$-loop sunset integral in two-dimensions is $2^{n}-\binom{n+1}{\left\lfloor \frac{n+1}{2}\right\rfloor }$ supporting the conjecture that the sunset Feynman integrals are relative periods of Calabi--Yau of dimensions $n-2$. We have checked this explicitly till six loops. As well, we obtain a particular Picard--Fuchs operator of order 11 for the massive five-point tardigrade non-planar two-loop integral in four dimensions for generic mass and kinematic configurations, suggesting that it arises from $K3$ surface with Picard number 11. We determine as well Picard--Fuchs operators of two-loop graphs with various multiplicities in four dimensions, finding Fuchsian differential operators with either Liouvillian or elliptic solutions.
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Dates and versions

hal-03784522 , version 1 (23-09-2022)

Identifiers

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Pierre Lairez, Pierre Vanhove. Algorithms for minimal Picard-Fuchs operators of Feynman integrals. Letters in Mathematical Physics, 2023, 113 (2), pp.37. ⟨10.1007/s11005-023-01661-3⟩. ⟨hal-03784522⟩
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