Cardiac arrest and complications during non-invasive ventilation: a systematic review and meta-analysis with meta-regression - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles Intensive Care Medicine Year : 2022

Cardiac arrest and complications during non-invasive ventilation: a systematic review and meta-analysis with meta-regression

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the incidence rate of cardiac arrest and severe complications occurring under non-invasive ventilation (NIV).Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies between 1981 and 2020 that enrolled adults in whom NIV was used to treat acute respiratory failure (ARF). We generated the pooled incidence and confidence interval (95% CI) of NIV-related cardiac arrest per patient (primary outcome) and performed a meta-regression to assess the association with study characteristics. We also generated the pooled incidences of NIV failure and hospital mortality.Results: Three hundred and eight studies included a total of 7,601,148 participants with 36,326 patients under NIV (8187 in 138 randomized controlled trials, 9783 in 99 prospective observational studies, and 18,356 in 71 retrospective studies). Only 19 (6%) of the analyzed studies reported the rate of NIV-related cardiac arrest. Forty-nine cardiac arrests were reported. The pooled incidence was 0.01% (95% CI 0.00-0.02, I2 = 0% (0-15)). NIV failure was reported in 4371 patients, with a pooled incidence of 11.1% (95% CI 9.0-13.3). After meta-regression, NIV failure and the study period (before 2010) were significantly associated with NIV-related cardiac arrest. The hospital mortality pooled incidence was 6.0% (95% CI 4.4-7.9).Conclusion: Cardiac arrest related to NIV occurred in one per 10,000 patients under NIV for ARF treatment. NIV-related cardiac arrest was associated with NIV failure.
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Dates and versions

hal-03780151 , version 1 (19-09-2022)

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Amélie Rolle, Audrey de Jong, Elsa Vidal, Nicolas Molinari, Elie Azoulay, et al.. Cardiac arrest and complications during non-invasive ventilation: a systematic review and meta-analysis with meta-regression. Intensive Care Medicine, In press, ⟨10.1007/s00134-022-06821-y⟩. ⟨hal-03780151⟩
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