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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Optimization of trigonometric polynomials with crystallographic symmetry and spectral bounds for set avoiding graphs

Abstract

Trigonometric polynomials are usually defined on the lattice of integers. We consider the larger class of weight and root lattices with crystallographic symmetry. This article gives a new approach to minimize trigonometric polynomials, which are invariant under the associated reflection group. The invariance assumption allows us to rewrite the objective function in terms of generalized Chebyshev polynomials. The new objective function is defined on a compact basic semi-algebraic set, so that we can benefit from the rich theory of polynomial optimization. We present an algorithm to compute the minimum: Based on the Hol-Scherer Positivstellensatz, we impose matrix-sums of squares conditions on the objective function in the Chebyshev basis. The degree of the sums of squares is weighted, defined by the root system. Increasing the degree yields a converging Lasserre-type hierarchy of lower bounds. This builds a bridge between trigonometric and polynomial optimization, allowing us to compare with existing techniques. The chromatic number of a set avoiding graph in the Euclidean space is defined through an optimal coloring. It can be computed via a spectral bound by minimizing a trigonometric polynomial. If the to be avoided set has crystallographic symmetry, our method has a natural application. Specifically, we compute spectral bounds for the first time for boundaries of symmetric polytopes. For several cases, the problem has such a simplified form that we can give analytical proofs for sharp spectral bounds. In other cases, we certify the sharpness numerically.
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Dates and versions

hal-03768067 , version 1 (02-09-2022)
hal-03768067 , version 2 (15-03-2023)

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Evelyne Hubert, Tobias Metzlaff, Philippe Moustrou, Cordian Riener. Optimization of trigonometric polynomials with crystallographic symmetry and spectral bounds for set avoiding graphs. 2023. ⟨hal-03768067v2⟩
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