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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2022

A unified approach of obstructions to small-time local controllability for scalar-input systems

Abstract

We present a unified approach for determining and proving obstructions to small-time local controllability of scalar-input control systems. Our approach views obstructions to controllability as resulting from interpolation inequalities between the functionals associated with the formal Lie brackets of the system. Using this approach, we give compact unified proofs of all known necessary conditions, we prove a conjecture of 1986 due to Kawski, and we derive entirely new obstructions. Our work doubles the number of previously-known necessary conditions, all established in the 1980s. In particular, for the third quadratic bracket, we derive a new necessary condition which is complementary to the Agrachev--Gamkrelidze sufficient ones. We rely on a recent Magnus-type representation formula for the state, a new Hall basis of the free Lie algebra over two generators, an appropriate use of Sussmann's infinite product to compute the Magnus expansion, and Gagliardo--Nirenberg interpolation inequalities.
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Dates and versions

hal-03683867 , version 1 (01-06-2022)
hal-03683867 , version 2 (10-03-2023)
hal-03683867 , version 3 (09-02-2024)

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Karine Beauchard, Frédéric Marbach. A unified approach of obstructions to small-time local controllability for scalar-input systems. 2022. ⟨hal-03683867v3⟩
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