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Journal Articles Remote Sensing Year : 2022

Semantic Segmentation of Metoceanic Processes Using SAR Observations and Deep Learning

Abstract

Through the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) embarked on the satellites Sentinel-1A and Sentinel-1B of the Copernicus program, a large quantity of observations is routinely acquired over the oceans. A wide range of features from both oceanic (e.g., biological slicks, icebergs, etc.) and meteorologic origin (e.g., rain cells, wind streaks, etc.) are distinguishable on these acquisitions. This paper studies the semantic segmentation of ten metoceanic processes either in the context of a large quantity of image-level groundtruths (i.e., weakly-supervised framework) or of scarce pixel-level groundtruths (i.e., fully-supervised framework). Our main result is that a fully-supervised model outperforms any tested weakly-supervised algorithm. Adding more segmentation examples in the training set would further increase the precision of the predictions. Trained on 20 × 20 km imagettes acquired from the WV acquisition mode of the Sentinel-1 mission, the model is shown to generalize, under some assumptions, to wide-swath SAR data, which further extents its application domain to coastal areas
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hal-03616058 , version 1 (22-03-2022)

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Aurélien Colin, Ronan Fablet, Pierre Tandeo, Romain Husson, Charles Peureux, et al.. Semantic Segmentation of Metoceanic Processes Using SAR Observations and Deep Learning. Remote Sensing, 2022, 14 (4), pp.851. ⟨10.3390/rs14040851⟩. ⟨hal-03616058⟩
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