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Journal Articles In Silico Biology Year : 2022

Reverse engineering of a mechanistic model of gene expression using metastability and temporal dynamics

Abstract

Differentiation can be modeled at the single cell level as a stochastic process resulting from the dynamical functioning of an underlying Gene Regulatory Network (GRN), driving stem or progenitor cells to one or many differentiated cell types. Metastability seems inherent to differentiation process as a consequence of the limited number of cell types. Moreover, mRNA is known to be generally produced by bursts, which can give rise to highly variable non-Gaussian behavior, making the estimation of a GRN from transcriptional profiles challenging. In this article, we present CARDAMOM (Cell type Analysis from scRna-seq Data achieved from a Mixture MOdel), a new algorithm for inferring a GRN from timestamped scRNA-seq data, which crucially exploits these notions of metastability and transcriptional bursting. We show that such inference can be seen as the successive resolution of as many regression problem as timepoints, after a preliminary clustering of the whole set of cells with regards to their associated bursts frequency. We demonstrate the ability of CARDAMOM to infer a reliable GRN from in silico expression datasets, with good computational speed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of a method which uses the concept of metastability for performing GRN inference.
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Dates and versions

hal-03531749 , version 1 (18-01-2022)

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Elias Ventre. Reverse engineering of a mechanistic model of gene expression using metastability and temporal dynamics. In Silico Biology, 2022, 14 (3-4), pp.89-113. ⟨10.3233/ISB-210226⟩. ⟨hal-03531749⟩
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