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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2021

A whole lung in silico model to estimate age dependent particle dosimetry

Abstract

Anatomical and physiological changes alter airflow characteristics and aerosol distribution in the developing lung. Correlation between age and aerosol dosimetry is needed, specifically because youth are more susceptible to medication side effects. In this study, we estimate aerosol dosages (particle diameters of 1, 3, and 5 μ m) in a 3 month-old infant, a 6 year-old child, and a 36 year-old adult by performing whole lung subject-specific particle simulations throughout respiration. For 3 μ m diameter particles we estimate total deposition as 88, 73, and 66 % and the conducting versus respiratory deposition ratios as 4.0, 0.5, and 0.4 for the infant, child, and adult, respectively. Due to their lower tidal volumes and functional residual capacities the deposited mass is smaller while the tissue concentrations are larger in the infant and child subjects, compared to the adult. Furthermore, we find that dose cannot be predicted by simply scaling by tidal volumes. These results highlight the need for additional clinical and computational studies that investigate the efficiency of treatment, while optimizing dosage levels in order to alleviate side effects, in youth.
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hal-03523728 , version 1 (12-01-2022)

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Kamran Poorbahrami, Irene Vignon-Clementel, Shawn C Shadden, Jessica M Oakes. A whole lung in silico model to estimate age dependent particle dosimetry. Scientific Reports, 2021, 11 (1), pp.11180. ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-90509-8⟩. ⟨hal-03523728⟩
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