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Journal Articles SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics Year : 2022

Averaging of a stochastic slow-fast model for population dynamics: application to the development of ovarian follicles

Abstract

We analyze a birth, migration and death stochastic process modeling the dynamics of a finite population, in which individuals transit unidirectionally across successive compartments. The model is formulated as a continuous-time Markov chain, whose transition matrix involves multiscale effects; the whole (or part of the) population affects the rates of individual birth, migration and death events. Using the slow-fast property of the model, we prove the existence and uniqueness of the limit model in the framework of stochastic singular perturbations. The derivation of the limit model is based on compactness and coupling arguments. The uniqueness is handled by applying the ergodicity theory and studying a dedicated Poisson equation. The limit model consists of an ordinary-differential equation ruling the dynamics of the first (slow) compartment, coupled with a quasi-stationary distribution in the remaining (fast) compartments, which averages the contribution of the fast component of the Markov chain on the slow one. We illustrate numerically the convergence, and highlight the relevance of dealing with nonlinear event rates for our application in reproductive biology. The numerical simulations involve a simple integration scheme for the deterministic part, coupled with the nested algorithm to sample the quasi-stationary distribution.
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Dates and versions

hal-03405177 , version 1 (27-10-2021)

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Cite

Guillaume Ballif, Frédérique Clément, Romain Yvinec. Averaging of a stochastic slow-fast model for population dynamics: application to the development of ovarian follicles. SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, 2022, 82 (1), pp.359-380. ⟨10.1137/21M1409615⟩. ⟨hal-03405177⟩
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