Experimental and computational modeling for signature and biomarker discovery of renal cell carcinoma progression - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Cancer Year : 2021

Experimental and computational modeling for signature and biomarker discovery of renal cell carcinoma progression

Diether Lambrechts
Damien Ambrosetti
Alain Ravaud

Abstract

Abstract Background Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) is difficult to treat with 5-year survival rate of 10% in metastatic patients. Main reasons of therapy failure are lack of validated biomarkers and scarce knowledge of the biological processes occurring during RCC progression. Thus, the investigation of mechanisms regulating RCC progression is fundamental to improve RCC therapy. Methods In order to identify molecular markers and gene processes involved in the steps of RCC progression, we generated several cell lines of higher aggressiveness by serially passaging mouse renal cancer RENCA cells in mice and, concomitantly, performed functional genomics analysis of the cells. Multiple cell lines depicting the major steps of tumor progression (including primary tumor growth, survival in the blood circulation and metastatic spread) were generated and analyzed by large-scale transcriptome, genome and methylome analyses. Furthermore, we performed clinical correlations of our datasets. Finally we conducted a computational analysis for predicting the time to relapse based on our molecular data. Results Through in vivo passaging, RENCA cells showed increased aggressiveness by reducing mice survival, enhancing primary tumor growth and lung metastases formation. In addition, transcriptome and methylome analyses showed distinct clustering of the cell lines without genomic variation. Distinct signatures of tumor aggressiveness were revealed and validated in different patient cohorts. In particular, we identified SAA2 and CFB as soluble prognostic and predictive biomarkers of the therapeutic response. Machine learning and mathematical modeling confirmed the importance of CFB and SAA2 together, which had the highest impact on distant metastasis-free survival. From these data sets, a computational model predicting tumor progression and relapse was developed and validated. These results are of great translational significance. Conclusion A combination of experimental and mathematical modeling was able to generate meaningful data for the prediction of the clinical evolution of RCC.

Dates and versions

hal-03390517 , version 1 (21-10-2021)

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Lindsay Cooley, Justine Rudewicz, Wilfried Souleyreau, Andrea Emanuelli, Arturo Alvarez-Arenas, et al.. Experimental and computational modeling for signature and biomarker discovery of renal cell carcinoma progression. Molecular Cancer, 2021, 20 (1), ⟨10.1186/s12943-021-01416-5⟩. ⟨hal-03390517⟩
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