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Journal Articles BMJ Open Year : 2021

Predicting the propagation of COVID-19 at an international scale: extension of an SIR model

Abstract

Objectives Several epidemiological models have been published to forecast the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, yet many of them have proven inaccurate for reasons that remain to be fully determined. We aimed to develop a novel model and implement it in a freely accessible web application. Design We built an SIR-type compartmental model with two additional compartments: D (deceased patients); L (individuals who will die but who will not infect anybody due to social or medical isolation) and integration of a time-dependent transmission rate and a periodical weekly component linked to the way in which cases and deaths are reported. Results The model was implemented in a web application (as of 2 June 2020). It was shown to be able to accurately capture the changes in the dynamics of the pandemic for 20 countries whatever the type of pandemic spread or containment measures: for instance, the model explains 97% of the variance of US data (daily cases) and predicts the number of deaths at a 2-week horizon with an error of 1%. Conclusions In early performance evaluation, our model showed a high level of accuracy between prediction and observed data. Such a tool might be used by the global community to follow the spread of the pandemic.
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Origin Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03239518 , version 1 (27-05-2021)

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Marc Lavielle, Matthieu Faron, Jérémie H Lefevre, Jean-David Zeitoun. Predicting the propagation of COVID-19 at an international scale: extension of an SIR model. BMJ Open, 2021, 11 (5), pp.e041472. ⟨10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041472⟩. ⟨hal-03239518⟩
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