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Reports (Research Report) Year : 2021

Stochastic Modelling of Free-Floating Car-Sharing Systems


Car-sharing systems (CSSs) have gained popularity during the last decade as a flexible, efficient and ecological alternative mode of transportation. But for the operator, managing such systems is far to be simple. Due to heterogeneity of demand and also randomness, the user may face a lack of resources: no car or no parking space available. And the operator has to design the system in order to improve it. The total number of cars impact the performance of the system. We address the dimensioning issue. For that, mathematical models are needed. In many cities, two systems coexist: station-based and free-floating. The latter gives more flexibility to the user both to take or return the car. But he can reserve only the car for a short period, and not the parking space, as the car is parked on public space with no specific parking spaces. The car reservation is here to help the user. The aim of the paper is to study its influence on the system behavior. This study focuses on Communauto's Montreal free-floating car-sharing system (FFCSS). Data analysis investigates the main features of the system based on user preferences. It allows proposing a mathematical modelling. Then we present two analytical approaches. First the mean-field method could be used for different variants, and w gives first insights on the optimal fleet size in a homogeneous framework. Second the general inhomogeneous model is described as a closed Jackson network with blocking-rerouting policy. We prove that its state at stationarity is given by a product-form distribution. It allows in future work to obtain an explicit large-scale representation of the system which can be used both theoretically or numerically for optimization purposes.
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hal-03163814 , version 1 (09-03-2021)


  • HAL Id : hal-03163814 , version 1


Christine Fricker, Hanene Mohamed, Teodora Popescu, Martin Trépanier. Stochastic Modelling of Free-Floating Car-Sharing Systems. [Research Report] CIRRELT. 2021. ⟨hal-03163814⟩
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