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Journal Articles Physical Review A Year : 2021

Error Rates and Resource Overheads of Repetition Cat Qubits

Abstract

We estimate and analyze the error rates and the resource overheads of the repetition cat qubit approach to universal and fault-tolerant quantum computation. The cat qubits stabilized by two-photon dissipation exhibit an extremely biased noise where the bit-flip error rate is exponentially suppressed with the mean number of photons. In a recent work, we suggested that the remaining phase-flip error channel could be suppressed using a 1D repetition code. Indeed, using only bias-preserving gates on the cat-qubits, it is possible to build a universal set of fault-tolerant logical gates at the level of the repetition cat qubit. In this paper, we perform Monte-Carlo simulations of all the circuits implementing the protected logical gates, using a circuit-level error model. Furthermore, we analyze two different approaches to implement a fault-tolerant Toffoli gate on repetition cat qubits. These numerical simulations indicate that very low logical error rates could be achieved with a reasonable resource overhead, and with parameters that are within the reach of near-term circuit QED experiments.

Dates and versions

hal-03084665 , version 1 (21-12-2020)

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Jérémie Guillaud, Mazyar Mirrahimi. Error Rates and Resource Overheads of Repetition Cat Qubits. Physical Review A, 2021, 103, ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.103.042413⟩. ⟨hal-03084665⟩
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