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Book Sections Year : 2019

The annotation of list structures


This chapter presents phenomena we call “piles” or “lists”, which are characterized by the fact that a list of elements piles up in the same syntactic position. We therefore group the analysis of coordination together with the analysis of other phenomena such as reformulation, disfluency, partial answer, or negotiation. The elements of a pile are linked to one another by a relation that is both syntagmatic (they follow one another) and paradigmatic (they fill the same syntactic slot with respect to their common governor). The syntactic analysis of the other elements – junctors, paradigmatic adverbs, and list completers – is discussed. We also propose a typology of the different cases of pile structure and introduce the seven subcases of paradigmatic links taken into account in the annotation.


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Dates and versions

hal-02450034 , version 1 (22-01-2020)



Sylvain Kahane, Paola Pietrandrea, Kim Gerdes. The annotation of list structures. Rhapsodie: A Prosodic and Syntactic Treebank for Spoken French, John Benjamins, 2019, ⟨10.1075/scl.89.06kah⟩. ⟨hal-02450034⟩
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